Samitis - A way out
we require supervising our powers being handled by our representatives on
our behalf? Because, it is taken for granted that until and unless we get
united so as to undertake such an exercise, we (perhaps, all our coming
generations, too) have been condemned to live in the ever-increasing
menace of corruption, injustice etc., making every day life a nigh
impossible. As many upheavals we may make, as many Isms we may experiment
and as many governments we may elect and oust, all except our coming
together and subsequent close supervision on our powers are mere farce.
article is a humble attempt to suggest a system in this regard i.e. THE
PEOPLE’S SAMITIS, which can incidentally solve many of our other major
issues as well. Though I have tried my level best to present it in a quite
practicable manner, I wonder how our people will respond to it!
People’s Samiti is an association of a group of citizens- the whole
Country is supposed to be filled-up by such associations- who are the
residents of immediate neighborhood. This association is designed as their
Direct Mini-Parliament where they may not only be at liberty to
introduce/debate and discuss all issues pertaining to their social,
political, economic, religious and cultural spheres but also take
appropriate decisions on them so as to put them in full practice of the
The population of a Samiti may be determined as per its convenience,
though it may preferably be around 500 members, who are qualified to cast
their votes in the general elections. The participant houses of every
Samiti may be structured, accordingly.
newspapers reach all nooks and corners of our Country and their
significant role in educating our people on various current issues as well
as in greatly influencing their political decisions is beyond doubt. They
can, similarly, play a crucial role in effectively coordinating and
operating these Samitis smoothly, perhaps within no time. The hot news
they bring every day on various burning issues put these Samitis in
operation at once with effective remedial action.
direct participation of around 500 citizens belonging to immediate
neighborhood is envisaged as the basis of a Samiti and, there are, surely,
effective ways of its smooth operation subject to the precautions as
mentioned else where in this chapter, yet Samitis may also consider
delegating many of their functions to either of the following for the sake
of convenience, however, on their own terms and conditions.
Delegating to all the elected members of every Panchayat Council,
which is constituted under the Panchayat Raj Act.Also to one council
to be set up at every District level with the participation of all
Panchayat Presidents of the District.
The members of both Panchayat Council and District Council may be
at liberty to
pursue their political career, if any, although they are expected
to be strictly apolitical on all aspects related to People’s Samitis.
Samitis, normally, do not intervene in the day-to-day functioning
of these Councils in any manner and thus the Councils may have total
independence in their affairs.
Nevertheless, on all decisions of disciplinary actions as detailed
herunder, the Councils may preferably seek the ratification of Samitis as
a token of public approval on such decisions.
Every six months, the Samitis may undertake the exercise of
assessing the performance of every member both at Panchayat and District
levels. In case any member is found not coming upto their expectations,
they (i.e. all the Samitis belonging to such a Panchayat) can collectively
pass a resolution withdrawing their support to him and also convey their
decision to appropriate authorities so as to hold election for his vacated
post for the remaining period of the tenure of the Council.
Although the Samitis delegate their primary functions to both the
above Houses, they will still be at liberty to take proper initiative on
any issue they find good for the betterment of their Country/Society.
to a Council comprised of 10-15 members who are elected collectively by all
the Samitis of a Panchayat. All these Councils, in turn, elect one
representative each from every Panchayat to a council constituted at every
The tenure of both the Councils may be perhaps two years.
All the members of the Council may be strictly apolitical, beyond caste,
creed prejudices and bearing a proven record of selfless services to the people.
All the decisions of both Panchayat and District councils may be
subjected to the ratification of their respective Samitis and thus their
independence is limited in nature.
The Samitis are at liberty to recall all or any of the members of both
the Councils before the expiry of their term provided their performance is found
not up to the mark.
the people may find the former ideal for them, for once people begin to assert
themselves through their Mini-Parliaments called Samitis coupled with their
mighty weapon of recalling their representatives at any time on dissatisfactory
performance, will, undoubtedly, make them (representatives) to put in their
all-out efforts for the cause of the people. And once, thus they are on the
right track, we all will certainly be surprised by their excellent
let us examine as to how the Samitis are functioning:
Supervision of Public/Private Institutions:
Check on Corruption etc.:
the Government Institutions situated within the jurisdiction of every
Panchayat may be under the direct supervision of its respective Panchayat
Council. In the normal course, the Council would not like to interfere in
the functioning of any institutions in any manner, however, in case there
are complaints of irregularities like callousness, corruption, undue delay
in taking decisions etc., it begins to exercise its author
the charges are not quite serious in nature, it may summon the concerned
employee before it and seek his sincere apology in the matter. It may also
consider recovering suitable compensation from such an employee so as to
make good the loss suffered by the complainant.
wherever the charges are found grave, it may immediately forward the case to
the attention of higher authorities as well as to Police, and ensure that
the concerned employee
is removed from office forthwith, though strictly as per law.
Redressal of Grievances of Employees etc.
case any sections of employees have any genuine demands/grievances but fail
to get them redressed from the government, they may directly appeal to the
Samitis (through any of the District Samiti Councils) so as to intervene and
effectively sort out the issue. On receipt of such an appeal, the concerned
District Council in consultation with other District Councils may jointly
appoint a committee of experts to look into the matter. If this Committee on
its investigation find their demands/grievances genuine; on the basis of its
report, the Councils may ask the government to accept and implement them
forthwith or within a certain time period.
all the genuine demands/grievances of employees of Private Sector may also
be redressed through Samitis.
the management of a Private Institution is found unwilling to accept the
demands of its employees/workers, they can bring the matter to the attention
of District Council to which the Institution belongs. If the District
Council is satisfied with the genuineness of their demands, they may, in
turn, either write to the institution concerned or summon the
representatives of its management so as to have their views in the matter.
If the management is found deliberately refusing to accept the demands, all
the members of the District Council may jointly pass a resolution certifying
the genuineness of the demands/grievances of the employees and advise the
management concerned to accept and implement them forthwith.
District Councils can also keep a constant close watch on the following and
ensure that the management of every organization is functioning strictly as
per the existing Rules in their conduct:
The working atmosphere in every Institution;
Recruitment and promotion policies;
Termination of services of employees;
they may also make surprise visits to any Private Institution within their
respective areas, though on suspicious grounds. In such an eventuality, they
will be at liberty not only to question all or any of the officials of such
an Institution but also to inspect all or any of its records.
can also monitor measures being taken by a firm on the prevention of
Pollution, and directly handle quality complaints, if any, of products being
manufactured by it.
Check on Loss Making Units:
Samitis may intervene and enquire about if a Public Institution is:
Running in consecutive loss;
Failed miserably to meet the target set for;
Incurred much heavier expenditure than that allocated.
occurrence of all or any of the above, the District Councils may jointly
institute a Committee of enquiry (either from themselves or by involving
experts of the line) to look into the matter. This commission may be at
liberty to question any official of such an institution and also in
scrutinizing any of its record.
such a Committee of Inquiry finds the reasons of loss etc., as exclusively
attributed to corrupt practices, gross inefficiency, idleness etc., of its
Officials, all the District Councils of that State may, in turn,
collectively decide not only to seek the recovery of the loss from them but
also their immediate removal from office.
may also ascertain the role of Politicians in this regard. If any of them is
found involved in it in any manner, all or any of the following course of
action could be contemplated against them, on the basis of seriousness of
the issue, though with the concurrence of the concerned people.
They may be strongly warned.
To recover the loss incurred by the Institution from them
To temporarily or permanently ban them from contesting any general
elections from any constituencies.
To temporarily or permanently ban them from holding any office of the
Supervision of Government /MLAs/MPs etc.
Check on Corrupt Practices:
there are allegations levelled against the functioning of a government, the
Councils may enquire about it-of course, through the institution of a
committee of experts. If the charges are found true, the concerned minister
or even the ministry as a whole may be sacked, as the seriousness of the
situation warrants, but with the consent of the people. The loss due to the
State/Nation may also be recovered from them, if the people so decide.
Further, they may also be temporarily or permanently banned from holding any
office of the public and from contesting any general elections of the
Country, as per the nature of the case.
Check on anti-people Budgets:-
can scrutinize and modify the annual budgets being introduced by governments
in the Assemblies/National Parliament if:
People are found unnecessarily burdened with heavy doses of taxes
though there were adequate other sources before the government.
Government fund is being used for unproductive purposes;
Less or, rather, no allocation is being made where higher allocation
In the event of any of the above, the District Councils may collectively
study the budget proposals through the institution of a Commission of
eminent Economists etc; and on the basis of their suggestions, request the
Samitis of the State/Country to respond on them. If the Samitis give their
ratification to the suggestions, the government partly or wholly modifies
the entire budget, accordingly.
may yearly evaluate the performance of governments both at National and
State levels. If any of the government is, thus, found a total failure, or
fail to fulfill the promises made to the people during elections through
manifesto etc., they may decide to seek their justification in the matter.
If the justification submitted by them is found without any substance, they
can initiate steps for the immediate ouster of the concerned government.
performance of MLAs/MPs can also, likewise, be reviewed every year; if any
of them is thus found not upto the mark, all the People’s Samitis of the
constituency which elected him may jointly initiate steps to recall him.
However, if he is found a total failure during the term he held the office,
he may be permanently debarred from contesting any general elections from
the particular constituency.
People Deciding their own Destiny:
Samitis can take proper initiative for new legislation through Assemblies or
parliament or for amending any of the existing laws of the Country, which
they find good for the welfare of the People.
can also review the functioning of Multi-Party System in our Country. It can
decide the number of Political Parties required in the Country, the model
codes to be pursued by the oppositions and governments, the role of parties
based on caste, creed, religion, region etc.; internal democracy within
parties, on permanent political leaders (who stick to their position through
unfair means and also by blocking the growth of others in the party) etc.
the expertise of eminent personalities of the Country, Samitis may
collectively evolve the basic policies and programmers meant for our Nation
conforming to our own varied conditions, ensuring just and equitable growth
of all sections of the people. They can also ensure that all governments,
irrespective of whichever party they belong to-strictly follow them in
letter and spirit.
Check on Black Money:
functioning of Samitis can perhaps eliminate black money to a great extent.
any person belonging to a Samiti is found possessing excessive wealth
disproportionate to his income, he may be asked to give justifications in
this regard. If he is unable to submit enough reasons, the case may be
immediately brought to the attention of appropriate authorities so that the
excessive wealth found in his possession is confiscated to the exchequer.
Samitis may make such investigations on all suspicious persons within each
Samiti on a regular basis.
Check on Crimes:
majority of the crimes, which originate from our villages, can be traced
back to minor incidents of dispute, difference etc. and People’s Samitis
can perhaps play a significant role in containing them to a great deal.
there is a dispute or quarrel within a family or between two families and
which is found detrimental to peace and harmony, the immediate neighbors of
the family/families may be at liberty to intervene and mediate in it. Any
decision taken by them in this regard is to be strictly accepted by all in
dispute and any attempt to disrespect them/their decisions in any way may
attract heavy fines based on their financial positions. Such persons may
even be subjected to social boycott, if so collectively decided later, by
their concerned Samiti. However, if the aggrieved are not satisfied with the
neighbor’s mediation/decisions, they may be at liberty to approach their
concerned Samiti Executive/Panchayat Council for a lasting but amicable
settlement of the issue. All those cases, which cannot even be resolved by
Panchayat Councils, are immediately referred to the Police.
number of persons going astray is increasing rapidly in the society and here
too, the Samitis can perhaps play a significant role.
may locate such erring persons and as an initial step, impress upon the need
of refraining from such activities. If persuasions do not bear fruit,
Samitis may directly go in for fining them and on every repetition of the
act; the fine imposed on them may be doubled or trebled. Calumny, excessive
drinking (as well as the attendant evils of beating wife and children and
starving them by spending the entire daily income on arracks etc.),
adultery, sorcery, idleness, illegal sexual relations, illicit distillation
of arrack, etc., may perhaps largely be contained in this manner.
majority of our people are divided on petty caste, religious, party or
regional lines and they are even ready to die for them. This trend assumes a
very dangerous dimension as far as the functioning of Samitis are concerned.
However, the following precautions can effectively check our fears:
the Samitis are supposed to pass a resolution unanimously at its very
initial session swearing in their full faith in the Unity and Integrity of
the Nation and also affirming that they would completely rise above caste,
creed, party and parochial feelings in all spheres of its activities,
failing which they may be ready to be subjected to severe fines/punishment,
as per the laws of the nation. Until and unless such a resolution is passed
unanimously, no Samiti may have the legal right to operate.
the moment a Samiti is found flouting its unanimous Commitment in any way,
it may automatically cease to exist. Further, it may also attract heavy
fines on all those initiated, spoken ofrvoted for such an act, on the basis
of their financial status, Until such a Samiti unanimously apologizes for
its mideed and get arrested all those who have taken initiative for such an
action directly or indirectly, it may have no legal right to exist.
the system of People’s Samitis will work in a Country as ours? Indeed,
most of our people still remain illiterate, ignorant and superstitious. But
an assessment of their political behavior during the post-independence era
by electing and ousting many a government-both at National and State levels
does demonstrate amply what do they want and how they are capable of
handling their powers through their own Mini-Parliament, GIVEN A CHANCE (?)
above is a partial chapter taken from
the Book: ‘HUMAN ILLS: A FEW SOLUTIONS’.
Author: Mamachan Daniel (Please
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M/s Aravali Books International (P) Ltd., New Delhi, Email: Aravali@nde.vsnl.net.in